The Office of the National Rail Safety Regulator (ONRSR) may conduct compliance investigations for the purpose of establishing whether a breach of the Rail Safety National Law has occurred.
A compliance investigation may be conducted in a range of circumstances which include but are not limited in response to:
The ONRSR will investigate in order to determine:
To maintain a proportionate response, the ONRSR will devote most resources available for investigation to the more serious incidents.
The ONRSR will always carry out a site investigation of a reportable work-related death, unless there are other specific reasons for not doing so, in which case those reasons will be recorded.
In selecting which complaints or reports of incidents or injury to investigate, and in deciding the level of resources to be used, the ONRSR will take account of the following factors:
The Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) is responsible for identifying the causes of accidents it investigates in order to improve safety; it does not allocate blame.
Working arrangements agreed between the ONRSR and the ATSB reflect both their respective statutory duties and the need to ensure efficient and effective liaison. The ONRSR and the ATSB have a Memorandum of Understanding in place.